Journal of Postgraduate Medicine, Education and Research

Register      Login

VOLUME 49 , ISSUE 4 ( October-December, 2015 ) > List of Articles


Epidemiology of Orthopedic Injuries in Indian Cricket: A Prospective One Year Observational Study

Ritesh K Soni, Himmat Dhillon, Sharad Prabhakar

Citation Information : Soni RK, Dhillon H, Prabhakar S. Epidemiology of Orthopedic Injuries in Indian Cricket: A Prospective One Year Observational Study. J Postgrad Med Edu Res 2015; 49 (4):168-172.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10028-1170

Published Online: 00-12-2015

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2015; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.



The understanding of cricket related injuries is still in its infancy in India with very limited surveillance data published from the subcontinent.


This is a prospective observational study on the epidemiology of orthopedic injuries in Indian cricket players.

Materials and methods

This study included cricketers of an elite North Indian cricket team. The study covered a period of 1 year, comprising one playing season and one off season. The player types were categorized by Orchard's injury definitions, and the term ‘All Rounder’ was introduced.


Ninety-five male players who fulfilled inclusion criteria sustained 48 significant and 12 insignificant injuries. Injury incidence documented by us (3.27 per 10,000 hours of play) was significantly lower than Australian figures (24.2 injuries/10,000 playing hours). These players did not have any ‘off day’ from the game, leading to limited rest, which was different from international standards. Bowlers sustained the most severe injuries, specifically of the lower limb, while fielders had increased risk of sustaining upper limb injury. Fast bowlers had increased risk of sustaining back trauma. Injuries were also sustained during practice and due to poor ground conditions.


Orchard's internationally accepted definitions of cricket injury need to be modified for the Indian scenario, where ‘off days’ are not observed, and many injuries which keep players from the game occur in unsupervised practice. This may influence overall incidence and prevalence rates.

How to cite this article

Dhillon MS, Soni RK, Aggarwal S, Dhillon H, Prabhakar S. Epidemiology of Orthopedic Injuries in Indian Cricket: A Prospective One Year Observational Study. J Postgrad Med Edu Res 2015;49(4):168-172.

PDF Share
  1. Measures to prevent cricket injuries. Sports Med 1999;28(4):263-272.
  2. Cricket, a history of its growth and development throughout the world. London: Eyre and Spottiswoode; 1970. p. 150.
  3. Injuries in Australian cricket at first class level 1995/96 to 2000/2001. Br J Sports Med 2002;36(4):270-275.
  4. Injuries in eleven selected sports. Br J Sports Med 1975;9(3):136-141.
  5. Incidence and nature of epidemiological injuries to elite South African players. S Afr Med J 2001;91(4):336-339.
  6. Nature and incidence of upper limb injuries in professional cricket players; a prospective observation. Sports Med Arthrosc Rehabil Ther Technol 2012 Nov 8;4(1):42
  7. The Wicketkeeper and Injury. J Postgrad Med Educat Res 2013 April-June;47(2):99-102.
  8. Methods of injury surveillance in international cricket. South African J Sports Med 2005;17(2):18-28.
  9. Defining a cricket injury. J Sci Med Sport 2005;8(3):358-359.
  10. Injury surveillance in cricket. Br J Sports Med 2013;47(10):605-606.
  11. The seasonal incidence and nature of injury in school boy cricketers. S Afr Med J 1995;85(11):1182-1184.
  12. Intenational Cricket injury surveillance: a report of five teams competing in the ICC Cricket world cup 2011. Br J Sports Med 2013 Jul;47(10):637-643.
  13. Batting head injury in professional cricket: a systematic video analysis of helmet safety characteristics. Br J Sports Med 2013 Jul;47(10):644-648.
  14. Comparing injuries of spin bowling with fast bowling in young cricketers. Clin J Sports Med 2002;12(2):107-112.
  15. Risk factors and successful interventions for cricket-related low back pain: a systematic review. Br J Sports Med 2014 Apr;48(8):685-691.
  16. Injury and lumbar reposition sense in cricket pace bowlers in neutral and pace specific bowling specific body positions. Spine J 2013 Nov 21. pii: S1529-9430(13)01483-6.
  17. The incidence and nature of injuries in first-league and provincial cricketers. S Afr Med J 1993;83(5):339-342.
  18. Acute injury incidence in professional county club cricket players (1985-1995). Br J Sports Med 2000;34:145-147.
  19. Cricket injuries: a longitudinal study of the nature of injuries to South African cricketers. Br J Sports Med 2003;37(3):250-253.
  20. Sport and active recreation injuries in Australia: evidence from emergency department presentations. Br J Sports Med 1998;32(3):220-225.
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.