Aim: We did this study as a pilot project to plan the future research work in the field, with the aim to study the incidence and epidemiology of scapular fractures. Results of the study would be helpful in identifying the mass impact of the injury to the trauma victim and laying down the training curriculum.
Materials and methods: It was a cross-sectional study from July 1, 2018, to December 31, 2018; all patients presented to our level 1 trauma center with polytrauma and shoulder injuries were screened for fracture of the scapula. The demographic details, mode and mechanism of injury, associated injury, severity, and fracture pattern of all patients with scapula fracture were recorded. Patients were evaluated for concomitant injuries.
Results: Out of total 1,730 patients presenting to the Advanced Trauma Center, PGIMER, Chandigarh, between July 2018 and December 2018, 44 (2.3%) patients were diagnosed with scapular fractures. Total 63.4% (28) of patients sustained various associated injuries.
Clinical significance: Results of this study have raised the awareness that fractures of the scapula are on the rise compared to what was thought previously.
Conclusion: Our study mandates the need of more dedicated screening methodology at the busy trauma center, which could reduce the chances of missed scapular fracture. Moreover, we could be able to identify more frequent fracture patterns and area of research specific to our setting.
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