Background and objective: Technology is an important part of today's scenario. In the healthcare department, many technological advancements took place that make it easy for patients as well as healthcare providers. This study was designed to assess the effectiveness of the mobile app-based non-surgical nursing management on reducing the problems of knee osteoarthritis (KOA) patients attending physiotherapy OPD, PGIMER, Chandigarh.
Materials and methods: This randomized control trial was conducted at physiotherapy OPD, PGIMER, Chandigarh. A total of 80 participants attending physiotherapy OPD from July 15, 2019, to August 30, 2019, were involved in the study and randomized into two groups (experimental and control groups) using a random number table. Problems of KOA patients were assessed by interviewing them. The protocol was in the form of a mobile app (Jiyyo app)-based non-surgical nursing management of KOA patients. This app contained the patient's information, audio call and messages option, medical record-keeping, bills, appointments. Follow-up can also be done through this app. Through this app exercise pdf file was sent to the patient's app that contained exercises related to the KOA. After baseline assessment, a mobile app was installed in the mobile of the experimental group. Weekly motivational telephonically call was done to participants of the experimental group. Monthly two follow-ups were done to motivate the participants. The control group was asked to carry out the instructions given to them. Post-assessment was done after 3 months in both groups by using the same interview schedule.
Results and analysis: There was a significant improvement in physical function and movement of the knee. Knee movement, physical functions improved and there was decreased joint stiffness (p ≤ 0.01) and level of pain (p ≤ 0.01). The experimental group had significantly better adherence to treatment and exercises. The control group had no significant improvement after 3 months.
Conclusion: Mobile-based non-surgical nursing management for KOA patients was effective in improving the adherence to the prescribed exercises, treatment and helped in reducing pain and improving activities of daily living among patients with KOA.
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