Citation Information :
Jaiswal MA, Kapur A, Goyal A, Bhalla K, S N, Babaria B. Ankyloglossia in Children and those with Special Healthcare Needs: Diagnosis Management and Implications. J Postgrad Med Edu Res 2022; 56 (1):57-60.
Oral ties along with ankyloglossia have been recognized for centuries, but have gained wider interest in the recent years. Tongue-tie refers to a congenital condition characterized by a short lingual frenulum that restricts tongue movement and interferes with tongue function. Recent literature suggests that speech, feeding, oral hygiene, dentition, and sleep difficulties may be linked to this condition. This case series presents evidence on the diagnosis, management using soft tissue laser with the help of pharmacological/nonpharmacological behavior management techniques, use of myofunctional exercises and future implications of short lingual frenulum in young children.
Brookes A, Bowley DM. Tongue tie: the evidence for frenotomy. Early Hum Dev 2014;90(11):765–768. DOI: 10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2014.08.021
Mills N, Pransky SM, Geddes DT et al. What is a tongue tie? Defining the anatomy of the in-situ lingual frenulum. Clin Anat 2019;32(6):749–761. DOI: 10.1002/ca.23343
Segal LM, Stephenson R, Dawes M, et al. Prevalence, diagnosis, and treatment of ankyloglossia: methodologic review. Can Fam Physician 2007;53(6):1027–1033.
Bai PM, VAZ AC. Ankyloglossia among children of regular and special schools in Karnataka, India: aprevalence study. J Clin Diagn Res 2014;8(6):ZC36–ZC38. DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2014/8267.4485
Christina C, Anna K, Athina M, et al. Aetiology, diagnosis and treatment of ankylogossia. Balk J Dent Med 2017;21:141–145. DOI: 10.1515/bjdm-2017-0024
Chinnadurai S, Francis DO, Epstein RA, et al. Treatment of ankyloglossia for reasons other than breastfeeding: a systematic review. Pediatrics 2015;135(6):e1467–e1474. DOI: 10.1542/peds.2015–0660. Epub 2015.
Messner AH, Walsh J, Rosenfeld RM, et al. Clinical consensus statement: ankyloglossia in children. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2020;162(5):597–611. DOI: 10.1177/0194599820915457
Gulotta G, Iannella G, Vicini C, et al. Risk factors for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in children: state of the art. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019;16(18):3235. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph16183235
Pradhan S, Yasmin E, Mehta A. Management of posterior ankylosis using Er, Cr YSGG laser. Int J Laser Dent 2012;2(2):41–46.
Kotlow L. Diagnosis and treatment of ankyloglossia and tied maxillary fraenum in infants using Er:YAG and 1064 diode lasers. Eur Arch Paediatr Dent 2011;12(2):106–112. DOI: 10.1007/BF03262789
Yoon A, Zaghi S, Weitzman R, et al. Toward a functional definition of ankyloglossia: validating current grading scales for lingual frenulum length and tongue mobility in 1052 subjects. Sleep Breath 2017;21(3): 767–775. DOI: 10.1007/s11325-016-1452-7
Charde P, Thakare KS, Bhongade ML, et al. Treatment of ankyloglossia using diode laser: a case series. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2017;4(2):95–98. DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10052-0090
Fioravanti M, Zara F, Vozza, I, et al. The efficacy of lingual laser frenectomy in pediatric OSAS: arandomized double-blinded and controlled clinical study. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021;18(11):6112. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph18116112
Junqueira MA, Cunha NN, Costa e Silva LL, et al. Surgical techniques for the treatment of ankyloglossia in children: a case series. J Appl Oral Sci 2014;22(3):241–248. DOI:10.1590/1678–775720130629
Kara C. Evaluation of patient perceptions of frenectomy: a comparison of Nd:YAG laser and conventional techniques. Photomed Laser Surg 2008;26(2):147–152. DOI: 10.1089/pho.2007.2153
Cowen, Marcia Nicole. “Standardizing Assessment and Management of Ankyloglossia.” (2020). https://digitalrepository.unm.edu/dnp/12
Barot VJ, Vishnoi SL, Chandran S, et al. Laser: the torch of freedom for Ankyloglossia. Indian J Plast Surg 2014;47(3):418–422. DOI: 10.4103/0970-0358.146630
Olivi G, Genovese MD, Olivi M, et al. Short lingual frenum in infants, children and adolescents. Part 2: lingual frenum release. Functional surgical approach. Eur J Paediatr 2021;22(1):47–54. DOI: 10.23804/ejpd.2021.22.01.09
Hand P, Olivi G, Lajolo C, et al. Short lingual frenum in infants, children and adolescents. Part 1: breastfeeding and gastroesophageal reflux disease improvement after tethered oral tissues release. Eur J Paediatr Dent 2020;21(4):309–317. DOI: 10.23804/ejpd.2020.21.04.10
Suter V, Bornstein MM. Ankyloglossia: facts and myths in diagnosis and treatment. J Periodontol 2009;80(8):1204–1219. DOI: 10.1902/jop.2009.090086