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VOLUME 57 , ISSUE 3 ( July-September, 2023 ) > List of Articles


Assessment of Transmission Dynamics of COVID-19 Infection via Contact Tracing in a Dental Center of a Tertiary Care Hospital

Ongkila Bhutia, Harsh Priya, Morankar Rahul, Aditi Nanda, Nitesh Tewari, Dheeraj Koli, Ritu Duggal, Arvind Kumar, Naveet Wig

Keywords : Coronavirus disease 2019, Contact tracing, Infection control, Prevention, Tertiary hospital

Citation Information : Bhutia O, Priya H, Rahul M, Nanda A, Tewari N, Koli D, Duggal R, Kumar A, Wig N. Assessment of Transmission Dynamics of COVID-19 Infection via Contact Tracing in a Dental Center of a Tertiary Care Hospital. J Postgrad Med Edu Res 2023; 57 (3):108-112.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10028-1603

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 26-07-2023

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2023; The Author(s).


Introduction: Contact tracing is an essential public health tool, which includes prompt and rapid identification of potentially infected individuals before the emergence of severe symptoms. Objective: The objective of this cross-sectional analysis was to highlight a targeted prevention strategy for the spread of disease by monitoring rigorous contact tracing. Study design: A retrospective cross-sectional analysis. Study setting: Tertiary care hospital. Patients/participants: Health care workers of a tertiary care hospital. Methodology: An analysis of information provided in the contact tracing of 30 diagnosed coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) positive patients was done in the present study. The study duration ranged from April to December 2020 and was conducted among the diagnosed COVID-19-positive patients of the Center for Dental Education and Research (CDER), All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi. Ethical approval was obtained from the Institutional Ethics Committee (IEC-1079/06.11.2020). The retrospective contact tracing was done for a period of 48 hours prior to the time of diagnosis or the time of first reported symptoms, whichever was earlier, by a trained medical professional. Results: Fever (76.7%) was the most common symptom found at the time of diagnosis among the cases. It was found that the high-risk contacts (20%) were more susceptible to developing a COVID-19 infection compared to their low-risk counterparts (2%). Conclusion: Aggressive contact tracing, when done right, is tremendously effective in containing an outbreak. Overstretched contact tracing can clearly diminish the possibility of the creation of a hot spot.

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