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VOLUME 57 , ISSUE 3 ( July-September, 2023 ) > List of Articles


Potential of Andrology in Providing Male Health Services from Womb to Tomb: PESTEL Analysis

Shruti Jha

Keywords : Adolescent health, Andrology, Community medicine, Differentiation, Disorder of sex epidemiology, Geriatrics, Male health services, Political, economic, social, technological, environmental, and legal-analysis

Citation Information : Jha S. Potential of Andrology in Providing Male Health Services from Womb to Tomb: PESTEL Analysis. J Postgrad Med Edu Res 2023; 57 (3):144-146.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10028-1634

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 26-07-2023

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2023; The Author(s).


Andrology studies the physiological, pathological, and psychosocial aspects of male reproduction, with major issues for men including male infertility, contraception, hypogonadism, erectile dysfunction, disorders of sex differentiation, and male senescence. Political, economic, social, technological, environmental, and legal (PESTEL) analysis is essential to understanding the advantages and disadvantages of providing male health services from womb to tomb. Changes in government policy and economic, social, technological, and environmental factors can all affect the accessibility of andrology services. Raising education and knowledge can help reduce social stigma and cultural attitudes, while technological advancements can be costly and require specialized training. The potential of andrology in delivering healthcare to male individuals from the womb to the tomb is great, but a multidisciplinary strategy that overcomes societal stigma and considers environmental variables is needed.

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