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VOLUME 58 , ISSUE 1 ( January-March, 2024 ) > List of Articles


Awareness Regarding Prevention of Hepatitis B and its Management among Nurses

Sukhpal Kaur, Radha K Dhiman, Sandeep Satsangi, Pankaj Arora

Keywords : Hepatitis B, Knowledge and Attitude, Nurses, Vaccination

Citation Information : Kaur S, Dhiman RK, Satsangi S, Arora P. Awareness Regarding Prevention of Hepatitis B and its Management among Nurses. J Postgrad Med Edu Res 2024; 58 (1):13-18.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10028-1651

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 06-02-2024

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2024; The Author(s).


Background: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a substantial infectious hazard among nurses. The present study aimed to assess nurses’ awareness regarding the prevention and care of HBV-positive patients. Materials and methods: A total of 400 nurses were randomly enrolled in the study. The data was collected using a prevalidated questionnaire. Approval for the study was sought from the Institutional Ethics Committee. Results: Mean age of the nurses was 30.6 ± 9.56 years. Female nurses outnumbered the males. The overall mean knowledge score was 25.7 ± 1.64 (56%). About 80% of nurses strongly agreed that they are at risk of getting HBV infection. Around 56% of nurses suggested that the patients positive for HBV should be isolated from other patients, whereas 70.2% of nurses felt that double gloves should be worn while providing care to these patients. A total of 78% of nurses opined that the patients should be tested for HBV at the time of admission to the hospital. All three doses of the HBV vaccine were taken by 57% of nurses. Only 22% had their immunoglobulin levels checked after getting vaccinated. Needlestick injuries (NSIs) were experienced by 44% of the nurses, and 56.5% knew about what should be done after getting NSI. Conclusion: There is a need to organize in-service education programs for nurses on a regular basis to keep them abreast of HBV infection.

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