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VOLUME 53 , ISSUE 2 ( April-June, 2019 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Quality of Life for Indian Diabetic Children

Jyoti Patodia, Prahbhjot Malhi, Devi Dayal

Keywords : Cross-sectional study, Indian children, Quality of life, Quality of life instrument in Indian diabetics questionnaire

Citation Information : Patodia J, Malhi P, Dayal D. Quality of Life for Indian Diabetic Children. J Postgrad Med Edu Res 2019; 53 (2):61-68.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10028-1314

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 00-06-2019

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2019; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Introduction: Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is a chronic disease requiring complex management including blood glucose monitoring, insulin administration along with diet restrictions which can have a negative impact on the quality of life (QoL) of children. Objective: To assess the quality of life and factors affecting it in Indian children with T1DM. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 97 children (4–15 years) with T1DM diagnosed for at least 6 months, at the pediatric diabetes clinic of a tertiary care hospital. QoL was assessed using the “quality of life instrument in Indian diabetics” (QOLID) questionnaire. The further co-relation between the QOLID scores and various demographic and diabetes-related factors were studied. Results: There was suboptimal glycemic control (HbA1c > 7.5%) in 76% of our patients. The mean total QOLID score was 84.5% which was significantly low in specific domains like general health (71%), diet satisfaction (74%) and financial worries (75%). Eighteen percent (18%) of patients had overall impaired QoL (total QOLID score <80%), highest seen in the domain of general health (72%). There was a strong negative correlation between the total QOLID score and variables like number of hyperglycemic episodes per month (r = −0.3, p = 0.001), the total number of hospitalizations (r = −0.34, p = 0.001) and HbA1c value over last 6 months (r = −0.38, p = 0.0001) Conclusion: As assessed by QOLID questionnaire, impaired QoL was seen in 18% of Indian children with T1DM. Poor glycemic control and an increased number of hospitalizations were the two most important factors leading to poor QoL. Clinical significance: The overall outcome of diabetes in children can be improved by improving their QoL which further depends on good glycemic control.


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