Journal of Postgraduate Medicine, Education and Research

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VOLUME 54 , ISSUE 4 ( October-December, 2020 ) > List of Articles

REVIEW ARTICLE

A Review of Football Injuries and the Role of 3D Biomechanical Analysis in Injury Prevention

Arumugam Sivaraman, Janani Gopalakrishnan, Keddin Alwar Thiagarajan, Suresh Perumal, Prakash Ayyadurai, Utkarsh Singh

Keywords : 3D motion capture, Biomechanics, Electromyography, Football injury, Force plate, Injury prevention, Return to play

Citation Information : Sivaraman A, Gopalakrishnan J, Thiagarajan KA, Perumal S, Ayyadurai P, Singh U. A Review of Football Injuries and the Role of 3D Biomechanical Analysis in Injury Prevention. J Postgrad Med Edu Res 2020; 54 (4):206-212.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10028-1420

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 25-01-2021

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2020; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Background: Football is the world\'s most popular game and is rapidly growing in India. Lower limb injuries are a major concern. Applied research in Indian football scenario is required to prevent injuries and enhance performance of the players to take India higher up in FIFA world ranking. Aim: This review aims to concise common lower limb injuries in football and understand the biomechanics of the football kick particularly from the injury risk point of view as well as performance. Review results: Approximately 60–80% of severe injuries to football players occur in the lower extremities, most commonly at the thigh muscles (30%), knee (29%), foot and ankle (11–23%), and groin (8–18%). Biomechanics deals with analysis of human body movements. A combination of spatial dimension analysis (2D or 3D), surface electromyography, and force plate analysis can identify the cause of injury and aid in its prevention while providing information on performance enhancement techniques in addition. Conclusion: Football injuries are widely prevalent with lower limb being the most affected. The game of football is growing in India and injuries are becoming increasingly common affecting the player\'s career and team\'s performance. The biomechanics analysis of instep kick provides vital inputs into the injury risk and performance enhancement. Clinical significance: The biomechanical analysis of the football instep kicking action using 3D motion capture, force plates, electromyography (EMG), and applying the data to modify techniques will help in injury prevention and performance enhancement.


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