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VOLUME 58 , ISSUE 1 ( January-March, 2024 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Sociodemographic Profile and Outcome of the Acute Poisoning Adult Patients Admitted to a Tertiary Care Hospital of Northern India

Anjali Sharma, Sukhpal Kaur

Keywords : Acute poisoning, Outcomes, Sociodemographic profile

Citation Information : Sharma A, Kaur S. Sociodemographic Profile and Outcome of the Acute Poisoning Adult Patients Admitted to a Tertiary Care Hospital of Northern India. J Postgrad Med Edu Res 2024; 58 (1):33-37.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10028-1598

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 06-02-2024

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2024; The Author(s).


Abstract

Background: Poisoning is one of the most common medicolegal problems in India. It is the second most important cause of suicide, followed by hanging in India. Aims and objectives: The current study is designed to determine the sociodemographic profile of the poisoning patients and their outcomes at a tertiary care hospital in Northern India. Materials and methods: All the acute poisoning patients considering inclusion and exclusion criteria, were admitted to the medicine emergency of a tertiary care hospital during the period of June–November 2019 and were enrolled after prior permission from the Institute Ethics Committee. A structured pro forma was filled regarding the patient's demographic information, incidence of poisoning, cause and type of poisoning, clinical presentation of patients, duration of respiratory support, intensive care unit (ICU) stay, hospital stay, and final outcomes. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze the data. Results: Maximum cases were observed in the age group of 21–30 (33.87%). The incidence of poison consumption was marginally higher in females (51.6%). Unemployed (22.6%), housewives (19.4%), and students (17.7%) were the distribution as per occupation. The majority (90.3%) of the patients in all the groups ingested poison with the intent to suicide. Overall, there was 61% pesticide poisoning. The highest mortality (38%) was seen amongst the patients with aluminum phosphide poisoning. Conclusion: Pesticides were the major cause of poisoning in the Northern region. Based on these findings’ preventive measures like rationed supply and restricted sale of poisonous agents, improvement of legislature, and provision of license to the sale persons is the need for the hour.


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