Journal of Postgraduate Medicine, Education and Research

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2013 | April-June | Volume 47 | Issue 2

EDITORIAL

Jaspal S Sandhu

A Brief History of Sports Medicine in India

[Year:2013] [Month:April-June] [Volume:47] [Number:2] [Pages:1] [Pages No:0 - 0]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jpmer-47-2-v  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Shweta Shenoy, Jaspal Singh Sandhu, Sai Kishore, Harwinder Singh Randhawa

Muscle Dysmorphia and Personality Trait: A Significant Link in Bodybuilders

[Year:2013] [Month:April-June] [Volume:47] [Number:2] [Pages:6] [Pages No:77 - 82]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10028-1060  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Sandhu JS, Kishore S, Shenoy S, Randhawa HS. Muscle Dysmorphia and Personality Trait: A Significant Link in Bodybuilders. J Postgrad Med Edu Res 2013;47(2):77-82.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Jaspal Singh Sandhu, Shweta Shenoy, Shadagopan Parthasarathy

Quantitative Ultrasound Densitometry in University Level Cricket Fast Bowlers and Nonathletes

[Year:2013] [Month:April-June] [Volume:47] [Number:2] [Pages:7] [Pages No:83 - 89]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10028-1061  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Background

Fast bowling in cricket is an important skill that imparts mechanical loads on limbs. The differential loading patterns involved in bowling affect the peripheral limb bone status.

Objective

To evaluate bone properties using quantitative ultrasound densitometry (QUS), among fast cricket bowlers in comparison with nonathletes. A secondary objective was designed to find correlation between QUS parameters and bonespecific physical activity questionnaire (BPAQ).

Methodology

A total of 80 subject, 40 fast cricket bowlers of both gender (20 male and 20 female) and 40 nonathletes (20 male and 20 female) were included in our study and all are aged between 20 and 25 years. Bone speed of sound (SOS) was measured bilaterally at the distal radius and the mid tibia using Sunlight OmnisenseTM device.

Results

There was a significant difference between dominant side and nondominant side radial SOS (p < 0.05) and tibial SOS (p < 0.05) in cricket bowlers favoring dominant radial bone SOS and nondominant tibial bone SOS which was not found in nonathletes. Significant difference in dominant radial bone SOS values (p < 0.05) and nondominant tibial bone SOS (p < 0.05) values existed between cricket bowlers and controls. Positive correlation was found between tibial SOS and past BPAQ in all subjects.

Conclusion

QUS parameters were significantly higher in young cricket bowlers with greater values observed in the dominant arm and leading foot, thus reflecting the osteogenic effect that occurs due to the nature of the game. Further BPAQ is significantly correlated with lower limb bone properties as measured by QUS at mid shaft tibia.

How to cite this article

Shenoy S, Parthasarathy S, Sandhu JS. Quantitative Ultrasound Densitometry in University Level Cricket Fast Bowlers and Nonathletes. J Postgrad Med Edu Res 2013;47(2):83-89.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

A Wicker

Spine Hypermobility in Sports

[Year:2013] [Month:April-June] [Volume:47] [Number:2] [Pages:4] [Pages No:90 - 93]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10028-1062  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Wicker A. Spine Hypermobility in Sports. J Postgrad Med Edu Res 2013;47(2):90-93.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Alka Beotra

Drug Abuse in Sports: An Overview

[Year:2013] [Month:April-June] [Volume:47] [Number:2] [Pages:5] [Pages No:94 - 98]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10028-1063  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Beotra A. Drug Abuse in Sports: An Overview. J Postgrad Med Edu Res 2013;47(2):94-98.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Sharad Prabhakar, Nirmal Raj

The Wicketkeeper and Injury

[Year:2013] [Month:April-June] [Volume:47] [Number:2] [Pages:4] [Pages No:99 - 102]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10028-1064  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Dhillon MS, Prabhakar S, Raj N. The Wicketkeeper and Injury. J Postgrad Med Edu Res 2013;47(2):99-102.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Logheswaren Suppiah, Ewe Juan Yeap, Mohamad Yazid Bin Din

Outcome of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Surgery in Tuanku Fauziah Hospital, Kangar, Malaysia

[Year:2013] [Month:April-June] [Volume:47] [Number:2] [Pages:4] [Pages No:103 - 106]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10028-1065  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Introduction

The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is the primary stabilizer of the knee against anterior transposition. Injuries are commonly seen in the young and active and are associated with considerable reduction in quality of life, and its numbers are increasing.

Purpose

To evaluate the outcome of ACL reconstructions done in Tuanku Fauziah Hospital, Malaysia.

Materials and methods

It is a single center retrospective study. Thirteen patients who underwent ACL reconstructions were interviewed and scored based on Lysholm and Tegner activity scale. These patients completed are habilitation protocol regime which comprised of basic rehabilitation modalities. They were assessed by personally and by telephone. Average postoperative duration was 34 months.

Results

Mean Tegner scores were 6.1 and Lysholm scores were 85.8. Most patients were satisfied with their current level of activity. These results are almost at par with studies done in highly specialized centers despite having only basic rehabilitation facilities.

Conclusion

Good outcomes are obtainable in basic general hospitals and not only in subspecialized centers.

How to cite this article

Suppiah L, Yeap EJ, Bin Din MY. Outcome of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Surgery in Tuanku Fauziah Hospital, Kangar, Malaysia. J Postgrad Med Edu Res 2013;47(2):103-106.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Sanjay Verma

Gluten Free Diet, Perceptions and Concerns of People Living with Celiac Disease in India: Internet-based Survey of Members of ‘Zero Gluten’ on Facebook

[Year:2013] [Month:April-June] [Volume:47] [Number:2] [Pages:5] [Pages No:107 - 111]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10028-1066  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Introduction

Gluten free diet (GFD) for the treatment of celiac disease (CD) remains a lifelong challenge for patients and their parents in India. There is little knowledge available about how these patients experience and cope with their dietary needs in India.

Aims

(i) To assess the status of gluten free diet and problems faced while managing GFD. (ii) To get an incite about their perceptions and concerns.

Study design

Cross-sectional descriptive internet-based survey.

Materials and methods

A predesigned semistructured questionnaire was prepared and mailed to members of ‘zero gluten’ on Facebook; an internet-based social support group for Indian CD patients, who were on GFD for a variable period of time. Those who decided to participate returned the filled questionnaire along with consent, which were analyzed.

Results

Out of 120 members, 32 filled the questionnaire and returned back. These computer literate CD patients were from different Northern states of India. Age ranged from 3 to 36 years with mean age 20.75 years. Mean duration of GFD was 3 years and average age at diagnosis was 13.7 years. Knowledge about possible options in GFD was limited. Branded GF products were in demand; 71.9% were buying them. Follow-up was poor and involvement of dieticians while managing GFD was rare. Their major concerns were professional needs, transmission to kids, marriage and peer pressure.

Conclusion

Managing GFD in India is difficult; help of trained dieticians, regular follow-up and psychological support is needed to sustain these dietary changes for life.

How to cite this article

Verma S. Gluten Free Diet, Perceptions and Concerns of People Living with Celiac Disease in India: Internet-based Survey of Members of ‘Zero Gluten’ on Facebook. J Postgrad Med Edu Res 2013;47(2):107-111.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Harvinder Kaur, Yachna Sharma, Rupali Raj Kessar

Socioenvironmental Etiology of Plague Outbreak in Himachal Pradesh: A Retrospective Enquiry

[Year:2013] [Month:April-June] [Volume:47] [Number:2] [Pages:5] [Pages No:112 - 116]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10028-1067  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aims

(1) To ascertain various socioepidemiological factors related to 2002 plague outbreak in Himachal Pradesh (HP). (2) To elucidate the sylvatic cycle of plague bacilli transmission.

Materials and methods

The study was conducted among affected families during 2002 HP plague outbreak. The opinion of natives of plague affected Hatkoti belt of HP, Gujjars and health care staff about etiology, proneness, sustenance, spread, control and prevention of plague were explored. Blood samples and fleas were collected from the domestic, peridomestic and wild rodents trapped from these areas. These were investigated entomologically and microbiologically in PGIMER, Chandigarh.

Results

Overall 159 rodents and 22 fleas were collected from wild and domestic areas. Three species of rodents were identified; Rattus rattus, Rattus norvegicus and Peromyscus leucopus. Similarly, three flea species namely Nosopsyllus fasciatus, Epitedia wenmanni and Leptopsylla segnis were extracted. Serum and blood samples (n = 49) collected from rodents showed Gram-positive bacilli (GPB), Gram-positive cocci (GPC) and diphtheroid bacilli.

Respondent villagers and Gujjars believed that plague outbreak occurred due to wrath of God and other supernatural forces. The villagers and health workers were of the view that exposure of people to plague was due to deep forest exploration for hunting.

Conclusion

The lifestyle of people and other social factors played a crucial role in plague outbreak in the area. The sylvatic cycle persisted in plague prone areas of HP.

How to cite this article

Kaur H, Goel S, Sharma Y, Kessar RR, Singh A. Socioenvironmental Etiology of Plague Outbreak in Himachal Pradesh: A Retrospective Enquiry. J Postgrad Med Edu Res 2013;47(2):112-116.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

SK Jindal, Vinay Sakhuja, Navneet Singh, Amanjit Bal, Anindita Sinha, Nandita Kakkar

Pseudomesotheliomatous Adenocarcinoma of Lung: A Diagnostic Dilemma

[Year:2013] [Month:April-June] [Volume:47] [Number:2] [Pages:9] [Pages No:117 - 125]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10028-1068  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

RESEARCH ARTICLE

SK Jindal

The Jubilee Year: 50 Years of PGIMER, Chandigarh

[Year:2013] [Month:April-June] [Volume:47] [Number:2] [Pages:1] [Pages No:126 - 126]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jpmer-47-2-126  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

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