Journal of Postgraduate Medicine, Education and Research

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2014 | October-December | Volume 48 | Issue 4

EDITORIAL

Sharad Prabhakar

Role of Genetics in Musculoskeletal Injuries: The Unsolved Jigsaw Puzzle

[Year:2014] [Month:October-December] [Volume:48] [Number:4] [Pages:1] [Pages No:0 - 0]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jpmer-48-4-iv  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Vanita Jain, Puja Dudeja

Impact of Running a Behavior Therapy Room for Various Categories of Urinary Incontinence Cases in Different Age Groups in Obstetrics-Gynecology Outpatient Department of a Tertiary Care Hospital

[Year:2014] [Month:October-December] [Volume:48] [Number:4] [Pages:5] [Pages No:159 - 163]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10028-1124  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Introduction

Urinary incontinence (UI) affects > 60% women. Its management is simple with the use of Kegel exercises. However, very few studies have been done in India about this problem and its solution.

Objective

To assess the impact of running a behavior therapy room (BTR) for various categories of UI cases in different age groups in obstetrics gynecology outpatient department (OBG-OPD) of a tertiary care hospital.

Materials and methods

Patients of UI were referred from gynecology OPD to BTR. There was trained staff available in BTR to teach Kegel exercises and related behavior therapy to the patients. Records of the patients were maintained. Follow-up was done through phone calls and personal visits of UI patients.

Results

A total of 251 cases were registered in BTR over 2 years. Overall 126 patients got relief from urine incontinence and prolapse of pelvic floor organs after BT.

Conclusion

Establishment of a separate room (BTR) with trained staff can be done in OBG department to teach Kegel exercises and to provide relief to women suffering from UI and pelvic organ prolapse (POP).

Recommendation

Behavior therapy room should be established in gynecology OPDs of all hospitals.

How to cite this article

Kaur T, Dudeja P, Sharma M, Jain V, Singh A. Impact of Running a Behavior Therapy Room for Various Categories of Urinary Incontinence Cases in Different Age Groups in Obstetrics-Gynecology Outpatient Department of a Tertiary Care Hospital. J Postgrad Med Edu Res 2014;48(4):159-163.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Lakhbir K Dhaliwal, Smita Sinha

Determinants of Successful Outcome in Couples Consulting Infertility Clinic—Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India: A Record-based Analysis

[Year:2014] [Month:October-December] [Volume:48] [Number:4] [Pages:7] [Pages No:164 - 170]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10028-1125  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Objective

To identify the factors determining the successful outcome in infertile cases reporting to infertility clinic at a tertiary hospital, Chandigarh, India.

Design

Retrospective record based analysis.

Setting and records

The records of all 2049 patients registered with infertility clinic over the period of 5 years from January 2002 to December 2006 were included for the analysis. Data regarding sociodemographic details, personal history, menstrual history of female, obstetrics history, Past medical and surgical history of couple; gynecological disorder, husband's sexual disorder, details of investigation and treatment received by couple and its outcome were retrieved from the records. Logistic regression model was used to reveal the most important determinants of successful outcome in infertile couples.

Results

The conception rate was twice among younger women (≤ 30 years) compared to older than 30 years. The couples with shorter duration of infertility (≤ 3 years) were more than twice likely to conceive compared to those with duration longer than 3 years. Normal semen analysis findings in men and absence of any demonstrable cause of infertility in women were also found to be favorable predictor of treatment outcome among infertile couples.

Conclusion

Our finding can help couples and clinicians in charting out the workup and counseling plan for individual couples. However, further studies are needed to validate the model developed in study.

How to cite this article

Dhaliwal LK, Singh A, Sinha S. Determinants of Successful Outcome in Couples Consulting Infertility Clinic—Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India: A Record-based Analysis. J Postgrad Med Edu Res 2014;48(4):164-170.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Anjali Aggarwal, Daisy Sahni, Sanjeev , Harjeet , Shallu Jaggi

Sexual and Ethnic Differences in Facial Anthropometry of Northwest Indians

[Year:2014] [Month:October-December] [Volume:48] [Number:4] [Pages:12] [Pages No:171 - 182]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10028-1126  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim

To determine sexual, age related and ethnic differences in somatometric measurements of northwest Indian (NWI) and to elucidate relation between these measurements.

Context

This information will help surgeons during the planning stages of facial plastic surgery and forensic experts in reconstructing face for identification of homicide victims and missing persons.

Materials and methods

The study included 15 somatometric measurements on 173 males and 127 females healthy subjects from 18 to 70 years.

Results

Statistically significant sexual differences were observed in parameters of head, face, nose and biocular breadth and interpupillary distance. No consistent age related patterns were found except in eye and nasal regions in males. The relation between different parameters showed almost equal length and breadth of face. In majority of subjects, bigonial breadth was smaller than minimum frontal breadth but larger than face breadth. Interocular breadth was smaller than ocular and nasal breadth while nasal height and length were larger than lower face height. Ethnic comparisons render smaller values in most of the parameters.

How to cite this article

Sahni D, Sanjeev, Harjeet, Jaggi S, Aggarwal A. Sexual and Ethnic Differences in Facial Anthropometry of Northwest Indians. J Postgrad Med Edu Res 2014; 48(4):171-182.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Vidya Rattan, Utkal Mohanty

Tobacco Habits among the 8 to 15 Years School Children of Rural Haryana

[Year:2014] [Month:October-December] [Volume:48] [Number:4] [Pages:3] [Pages No:183 - 185]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10028-1127  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim

The present cross-sectional study was undertaken to determine the prevalence and age at initiation of tobacco use among school children in rural areas of Haryana.

Materials and methods

A cluster sample design was used to produce a representative sample of schools from Panchkula and Ambala district. All students were included from the selected schools and information regarding tobacco use was collected from students of class 3 to 10 (8-15 years) through a self-administered questionnaire.

Results

A total of 3526 students with average age of 12.2 ± 2.3 years were screened for tobacco use. About 182 (5.1%) school children were found to be ever users of tobacco and 79 (2.2%) were current tobacco users in any form. Peer pressure was found to be the most common cause of initiating tobacco use by the students.

Conclusion

Prevalence of tobacco use among the school children of rural Haryana is lower than that reported in urban areas by Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS). However, the downward shift of the age at initiation (<10 years) is a matter of grave concern, which needs to be tackled by creating suitable school environment through health promotion and strengthening anti tobacco laws.

How to cite this article

Rattan V, Mohanty U, Goyal A. Tobacco Habits among the 8 to 15 Years School Children of Rural Haryana. J Postgrad Med Edu Res 2014;48(4):183-185.

REVIEW ARTICLE

Vijaylaxmi Ramdurg, Praveenkumar Ramdurg

Act without Fear or Favor: Ethics in Dentistry

[Year:2014] [Month:October-December] [Volume:48] [Number:4] [Pages:4] [Pages No:186 - 189]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10028-1128  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Ramdurg V, Ramdurg P. Act without Fear or Favor: Ethics in Dentistry. J Postgrad Med Edu Res 2014;48(4):186-189.

REVIEW ARTICLE

Himmat S Dhillon

Effectiveness of Exercise Therapy and its Variations in Lower Limb Osteoarthritis: A Literature Review

[Year:2014] [Month:October-December] [Volume:48] [Number:4] [Pages:7] [Pages No:190 - 196]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10028-1129  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Dhillon HS, Sharma M, Sharma S. Effectiveness of Exercise Therapy and its Variations in Lower Limb Osteoarthritis: A Literature Review. J Postgrad Med Edu Res 2014;48(4):190-196.

CASE REPORT

Peculiar NCCT Brain Picture in Polycythemia

[Year:2014] [Month:October-December] [Volume:48] [Number:4] [Pages:2] [Pages No:197 - 198]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10028-1130  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Bhoil R. Peculiar Ncct Brain Picture in Polycythemia. J Postgrad Med Edu Res 2014;48(4):197-198.

CASE REPORT

Sangeeth Kumar Kasilingam, Shylaja Prashanth, Bheemaraya Devaramani, Chaitra Channarayapatna Swamygowda

Idiopathic Pulmonary Hemosiderosis in an Adult with Unusual Radiologic Features

[Year:2014] [Month:October-December] [Volume:48] [Number:4] [Pages:2] [Pages No:199 - 200]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10028-1131  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Kasilingam SK, Prashanth S, Govindagoudar MB, Devaramani B, Swamygowda CC. Idiopathic Pulmonary Hemosiderosis in an Adult with Unusual Radiologic Features. J Postgrad Med Edu Res 2014;48(4):199-200.

CASE REPORT

Manphool Singhal, Nidhi Prabhakar, Manoj Kumar Rohit

Retropharyngeal Course of Right Internal Carotid Artery

[Year:2014] [Month:October-December] [Volume:48] [Number:4] [Pages:2] [Pages No:201 - 202]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10028-1132  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Singhal M, Prabhakar N, Rohit MK, Khandelwal N. Retropharyngeal Course of Right Internal Carotid Artery. J Postgrad Med Edu Res 2014;48(4):201-202.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

BD Radotra, Nandita Kakkar, Karthik Bommanan, Nipun Verma

Rabies Meningoencephalomyelitis presenting as Guillain Barré Syndrome

[Year:2014] [Month:October-December] [Volume:48] [Number:4] [Pages:6] [Pages No:203 - 208]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10028-1133  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

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